Source: IATA; ICAO
The number of domestic and global airline flights worldwide total 39 million in 2019. The figures are consistent and have been increasing with an average 3.2% annual growth rate. Growth is pushed by a growing middle-class and the proliferation of budget airlines.
Forecasts for 2020 place the number at 40.3 million airline flights. A possible snag to hitting this growth projection is the global COVID-19 pandemic. Travel restrictions to and from countries with confirmed COVID-19 cases have reduced air travel; affecting not just the airline industry but the tourism and hospitality industries as well.
This article looks into the airline industry’s number of flights and passengers, flight statistics, traveler demographics, and industry growth projections by looking into the following topics:
The year 2019 had over 39 million global flights. The Federal Aviation Administration affirms its Air Traffic Organization (ATO) has handled 44,000 local flights a day or over 16,100,000 a year.
The number of passengers who flew in and out of US airports was 2,789,9713 based on data from the FAA. Worldwide passenger numbers from the International Air Transport Association (IATA) and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) place the number of people who flew annually at 4.5 billion.
Dennis A. Muilenburg, former Boeing CEO, has claimed that only about 20% of the world’s population has traveled by air. This is roughly 1.5 billion people. For Americans, the results show 40% have never left the country while 13% have never flown on a plane.
Source: OnePollDesigned by
With over 1,100 airlines and a market of over 7 billion potential flyers, only a limited number of airlines handle multiple flight legs and millions of passengers. Across the different metrics of global revenue, fleet size, and number of passengers, American Airlines is consistently number one.
The IATA and ICAO, leading groups in aviation and the airline industry, has assigned airline codes to over 5,000 airlines that offer local, regional, and international airlines. The actual number of commercial airlines total 1,126. Europe has the highest number of commercial airlines while the Australasian and Pacific region has the smallest.
Source: IATA, ICAO
There are 195 countries where people can travel to—flights come and go to these countries; international flights available from various global carriers. An unexpected airline, Turkish Airlines, earns the top spot operating flights to 62% of the world’s countries. It’s strategic location—a middle point for Europe, Asia, and Africa—allows it to service over 60 million passengers a year.
Source: Green Claim
Flight delays and cancellations are common occurrences in airports. Flight cancellations cost American commercial airlines $22 billion annually. The year 2001 saw the highest number of flight cancellations from major American carriers with 231,200 canceled flights. The lowest number of flight cancellations was in 2002 at 65,140.
These disruptions came after the 9/11 attacks; a time when airport check-ins and security saw an extensive overhaul and TSA patdowns and body searches became the norm. Cancellations for 2019 saw an increase of 5.74% with rates climbing back again since 2017. In January 2020, the Bureau of Transportation Statistics states domestic flight cancellations were at 1.3%, higher than December 2019 rates (1.1%) but 64.52% lower compared to January 2019 rates (3.15).
Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistic
The Air Travel Consumer Report for January 2020 points to Alaska Airlines Network as the marketing carrier with the lowest on-time arrival rate of 77.9%. The rate is considerably better when compared to 2019’s average on-time rate—79% which translates to 1 in 5 significantly delayed flights. Hawaiian Airlines has been first on the on-time list since 2003.
Source: US Department of Transportation
Data from the US Department of Transportation reveals an 84.6% on-time arrival rate in January 2020 among commercial passenger airlines. The rate saw an increase in on-time arrivals when compared to the previous month and previous year—December 2020, 78.2% and January 2019, 78.4%.
Airline travel has been growing exponentially. The growth of the global middle-class coupled with lower airfares and budget airlines have made flying accessible for many. Reasons for air travel can be broken down into three: business, personal leisure, and personal non-leisure.
Source: IPSOS; A4A
Traveler growth is led by the Asia Pacific region, with travelers from China at the forefront. Worldwide passenger traffic and market share from the APAC region lead with 32% and 45.42% respectively.
Source: Oliver Wyman; Website (www.planestats.com)
The US leads in number of passengers carried, 889 million, in 2018. International flights typically use an Airbus A380 which has a seating capacity of 868. From the figures, we can project 1,024,193 million flights for 2018.
Source: ICAO; theglobaleconomy.com
The numbers can be confusing with stats claiming varied data about air travel in the US.
Although incomes are dropping and its middle-class is shrinking, the US remains a popular tourist destination and continues to be a tourist draw. Its biggest market is local – 67.3% are intraregional travelers while the other 32.71% flew to other continents.
Source: UN World Tourism Organization
Finland tops the list of countries whose people travel the most. The Northern European country averaged 7.5 trips per person per year. The US is in second place with 6.7 trips per person but leads in domestic trips with 6.5 trips per person; data corroborates intraregional traveler data in the previous section. All of the ten countries in the list are classified as First World with high living standards.
Traveler preferences and attitudes have changed post-9/11 alongside sweeping technological advancements in the airline industry. General traveler satisfaction after a flight is steady at 75% for the last three years (2017 – 2019). The scores vary depending on location with Africa garnering the lowest passenger satisfaction score of 40%.
Source: IATA; IPSOS
Passenger satisfaction drivers include check-in—self-service or traditional, boarding, inflight entertainment, and border control and immigration among others. The last of the aforementioned hovers at 62% – 64% based on the results from 2017 – 2019.
The general and widely held view is that Millenials and Gen-Z are the age groups that travel the most. Data from IATA’s Global Passenger Survey reveal three age groups who travel the most: Gen Y, Millenials, and Gen X. Of the three, Millenials or those in the 35–44 year-old range flies the most, internationally and domestically.
Business travel arrangements were primarily booked by women as stated in a ClosinGap study. Some of the interesting outcomes from the survey include: Women prefer using shared transport services over private vehicles. They also organize their trips earlier compared to men and use digital channels to make reservations.
The Global Passenger Survey, on the other hand, reports that women are less willing to share personal information or to use biometrics as a replacement for travel documents. Combined opinions from both genders show 70% are willing to share their biometric identifiers while less than half would prefer biometric identification instead of a paper passport.
Source: IATADesigned by
IATA’s study shows a 41.27% skew in favor of males when it comes to travel. Data for the last five years show that men travel three times more than women. The same ClosinGap study points out that although men travel more, women spend more during travel. Travel expenses are centered on hotels and tourist services. The study further notes that if women were to travel as much as men did, they would be able to generate 2.35 billion euros a year.
The IATA and ICAO report worldwide revenue based on passenger air traffic at $567 billion for 2019. Market projections for 2020 were positive in the last quarter of 2019 with 40.3 million flights forecasted. This approximates to an expected $581 billion in revenue earnings for 2020.
Source: IATA; ICAO
Two leading airline groups are neck and neck in revenues earned for 2019: American Airlines with $44.54 billion and Delta Airlines with $44.44 billion. FedEx, at number five with $37.33 billion, does not fly passengers commercially but only deals in moving cargo.
Major adjustments were seen in the market projections of airlines in recent weeks in light of the COVID-19 pandemic. Major airlines scrambled to reshuffle and reschedule flights with multiple countries crossing its borders effectively shutting down travel. Business Insider reports over 50 airlines have scaled back operations or have temporarily shut down due to loss of demand for flights.
|Source: Al Jazeera|
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